The military aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine in certain areas of Luhansk and Donetsk regions, and the annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea forced thousands of citizens to change their place of residence and move to other regions of the country or beyond its borders. Subsequently, this has created a new subject of social security law – internally displaced persons (IDPs); however, it has also created new problems in the social security sphere, especially regarding employment, housing, and restoration of pension payments, cash assistance and medical care. These issues are a challenge for state bodies and the modern science of social security law. Studying the features of the status of IDPs as a separate subject of social security law, the specifics of its legal regulation is a necessary part of the general system of social protection of internally displaced persons. Identifying problems and emerging effective mechanisms for overcoming them are crucial for developing modern science, the state and society. The purpose of the academic paper is to characterize the most significant problems related to internally displaced persons’ rights in the context of the challenges of the modern social-political situation, as well as to outline the primary prerequisites, factors and ways to solve the problems of this category of persons in current conditions. In the course of the research, analytical and bibliographic methods were used to study the scientific literature on the issues of establishing internally displaced persons’ rights. At the same time, induction, deduction, analysis, synthesis of information, system-structural, comparative, logical-linguistic methods, abstraction, and idealization were applied to study and process data. By the way, the research authors conducted the survey in online mode to practically clarify the most significant issues related to the rights of internally displaced persons. Based on the research results, the primary and most significant theoretical aspects of problematic issues related to establishing and implementing the rights of internally displaced persons were determined. At the same time, the standpoints of scientists, employees of local self-government bodies and specialists of migration service departments regarding the principal practical aspects of this issue were investigated.
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