Ethical Policy

Lex Humana sign the declaration below, based on Elsevier's recommendation and on the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors of the Committee on Publication Ethics - COPE.


Editor's Duties

Publication decision: 
the editor is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor is guided by the policies decided by the Editorial Board. These policies must comply with current legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. In making decisions, the editor may consult the Editorial Board and the referees.

Transparency and respect: 
the editor shall evaluate submitted manuscripts without regard to authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy.

Confidentiality: the editor and other members of the editorial team shall not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript other than to the referees and editorial advisors.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest: The editor should not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript in their own research without the author's express written consent. The editor should decline to evaluate manuscripts in which he or she has conflicts of interest due to competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the manuscripts.

Involvement and cooperation in investigations: the editor should take appropriate action when ethical complaints have been made about a submitted manuscript or published article.

Duties of the reviewers

Contribution to editorial decisions: 
peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through communications with the author may also assist in improving the article.

Timeliness: any article reviewer who does not feel qualified to review the article or knows that it will be impossible to read it immediately should notify the editor immediately.

Confidentiality: papers received for review should be treated as confidential documents. They should not be shown or discussed with others.

Objectivity standards: reviews should be conducted in an objective manner. Reviewers should express their points of view clearly and supported by arguments.

On sources: referees should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. The reviewer should bring to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript in question and any other published work of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest: privileged information or insights gained by the referee through reading the manuscripts should be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. The referee should not evaluate manuscripts in which he/she has conflicts of interest due to competitive, collaborative or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions linked to the manuscripts.

Authors' duties

General guidelines: 
authors of papers that refer to original research must provide an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Additional data should be accurately represented in the paper. The paper should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or intentionally inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Originality and plagiarism: authors must ensure that works are entirely original and if they use the work and/or texts of others that this is properly cited. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical editorial behavior and is unacceptable.

Multiple or redundant publication: an author should not publish manuscripts that essentially describe the same research in more than one journal. Publishing the same article in more than one journal without informing the editors and obtaining their consent constitutes unethical editorial behavior and is unacceptable.

About sources: the work of other authors should always be acknowledged. Authors should cite publications that were important in determining the nature of the work reported. Information obtained privately, such as in a conversation, correspondence, or discussion with a third party, should not be used or reported without the explicit written permission of the source. Information obtained through confidential services, such as manuscript referees or grant applications, should not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.

Authorship: authorship of the work should be restricted to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study reported. All those who made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Individuals who participated in certain aspects of the research project should be listed as collaborators. The lead author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors are included in the paper. The lead author should also make sure that all coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest: all authors must disclose in the manuscript any financial or other conflicts that may influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published work: when an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their published work it is the author's obligation to immediately inform the journal editor or the Journal Editors and cooperate with the editor to correct the article.

Duties of the Journal

We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprinting, or any other source of commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.
Our articles are peer-reviewed to ensure the quality of scientific publication. This journal uses CopySpider (anti-plagiarism software).

* This statement is based on Elsevier recommendations and the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors of the Committee on Publication Ethics - COPE.


Process for identifying and handling allegations of research misconduct

The editor of Lex Humana, as well as the publisher responsible for its publication, will take reasonable steps that comprise available technological and personal expertise to identify and block the publication of manuscripts where research misconduct, containing citation manipulation, plagiarism, and falsification/fabrication of data, among others, has arisen.

Lex Humana follows COPE guidelines when dealing with allegations of research misconduct.