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Van Dung, V. (2022). THE THEORY OF THE FOUR VIRTUES OF CONFUCIUS IN THE PRE-QIN PERIOD. Synesis (ISSN 1984-6754), 14(1), 207–220. Recuperado de


As a form of social consciousness, the origin and development of the theory of the four virtues is associated with the changing process of economic and social conditions and the development of contemporary Chinese science. Confucian ethics in the Pre-Qin period was born based on certain historical conditions, during a period of great change in China's economy and society when the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (771 - 221 BC) weakened and perished. The doctrine of the four virtues is one of the very important doctrines of Confucianism in the Pre-Qin period, marking a great moral thought of mankind in general and Eastern moral thought in particular, especially in countries with great influenced by Confucianism. In this article, the author will focus on clarifying the cause of birth, the basic content of the theory of four virtues. In addition, the author also proceeds to discuss the merits and limitations of this theory.

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