Building harmonious, stable, and progressive labor relationships to ensure the interest of employees, investors, and a country and to contribute to sustainable socio-economic development is a goal not only for employees, and employers, but also for a country. Achieving this goal requires efforts of both employees and employers, in which employees are protected or prevented from sexual harassment in the workplace. Victims often suffer from the negative impact of sexual harassment such as physical and mental health, especially if victims have a direct relationship with or depend on the employers. Then, it will directly negatively impact on productivity, quality, and efficiency of employees. Under psychological pressure and public rumor, victims of sexual harassment often keep silent or have to change their employee relationship. This will result in unstable and negative labor relationships. In the liberalization of labor relationships, effective prevention of sexual harassment in the workplace is a very important determinant in ensuring harmonious, stable, and progressive labor relationships
Anol Bhattacherjee. (2012). Social Science Research: Principles, Methods, and Practices. University of South Florida. ISBN 13: 9781475146127.
Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs, Vietnam General Confederation of Labor, and Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry. 2015. Code of Conduct on sexual harassment in the workplace. Hanoi.
Brown, S.E.V., Battle, J.S. (2020). Ostracizing targets of workplace sexual harassment before and after the #MeToo movement. Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion. Vol. 39 No. 1, pp. 53-67. https://doi.org/10.1108/EDI-09-2018-0162
Bui, V.V. 2021. Research, add sexual harassment to the criminal law, Kiemsat Online, visited at: https://kiemsat.vn/can-nghien-cuu-bo-sung-hanh-vi-quay-roi-tinh-duc-vao-phap-luat-hinh-su-61135.html March 3, 2021.
Carballo Pĩneiro and M. Kitada. (2020). Sexual harassment and women seafarers: The role of laws and policies to ensure occupational safety & health. Marine Policy No.117:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103938.
Elyse Shaw, Ariane Hegewisch, M. Phil., and Cynthia Hess. (2018). Sexual harassment and Assault at Work: Understanding the Costs. Institute for Women's Policy Research, Briefing Paper https://iwpr.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/IWPR-sexual-harassment-brief_FINAL.pdf, Oct.
Grosser, K., Tyler, M. (2021). Sexual harassment, Sexual Violence, and CSR: Radical Feminist Theory and a Human Rights Perspective. J Bus Ethics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-020-04724-w
Ha, T.H.P. (2017). Definition Clarification of Sexual harassment at Workplace under the Labor Code. Legislative Studies. No.8(336),p.20-25.
Helen Campbell and Suzi Chinnery. (2018). "Preventing & Responding to Sexual harassment in the Workplace: A Rapid Review of Evidence," November 2018, visit https://www.care.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/STOP-Rapid-Review.pdf.
Hooda, S., Agarwal, K., Chanda, A., & Srivastava, A. (2022). Sexual harassment and sense of entitlement: A relation representative of a fractured society. Linguistics and Culture Review, 6(S4), 126-138. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v6nS4.2113.
House of Commons Women and Equalities Committee. (2018). "Sexual harassment in the workplace", Fifth Report of Session 2017–19, Published on 25 July 2018.
Imran Rao, Richa Vijayraj. (2016). "Sexual harassment: The characteristics of a Pervasive Workplace", Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies, Vol. 2, Issue: 2.
Kamal Malhotra, María Jesús Figa López-Palop. (2020). Currently, Vietnam needs to "say-do" about sexual harassment. Accessed at: https://vietnam.un.org/vi/53875-hien-tai-viet-nam-can-noi-la-lam-ve-quay-roi-tinh-duc July 22, 2020.
Kris Hardies. (2019). Personality, social norms, and sexual harassment in the workplace. Personality and Individual Differences. Vol.151 (109496). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.07.006
Lee, J. (2018). Passive leadership and sexual harassment: Roles of observed hostility and workplace gender ratio", Personel Review, Vol. 47 No. 3, p. 594-612. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-07-2016-0169
Lilia M. Cortina and Maira A. Areguin. (2021). Putting People Down and Pushing Them Out: Sexual harassment in the Workplace. Annual Review of Organizational Behavior. Vol. 8, p.285-309. http://doi.org/10.11446/annurev-orgpsych-012420-055606.
Maheen Salman, Fahad Abdullah, Afia Saleem. (2016). "Sexual harassment at Workplace and its Impact on Employee Turnover Intentions", Business & Economic Review: Vol. 8, Issue 1: 2016 pp. 87-102.
Mainiero, L. (2020). Workplace romance versus sexual harassment: a call to action regarding sexual hubris and sexploitation in the #MeToo era, Gender in Management. Vol. 35 No. 4, pp. 329-347. https://doi.org/10.1108/GM-11-2019-0198.
Nielsen, M.B., Einarsen, S. (2012). Prospective relationships between workplace sexual harassment and psychological distress, Occupational Medicine, Vol. 62, Issue 3, p. 226–228, https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqs010
Nguyen, T.N.L. (2017). It is necessary to add sexual offenses to the group of sexual offenses in the Criminal Code 2015. People's Court Journal, No. 5, p. 39 – 41.
Nguyen, T.T.V., Vu, T.T.H. (2016). Some petitions aim to implement the provisions of the Labor Code on sexual harassment in the workplace. Journal of Labor and Society, No. 529, p.20-22.
Paula McDonald, Sara Charlesworth. (2015). Workplace sexual harassment at the margins. Work, Employment and Society, Vol. 30, Issue 1, p. 118-134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017014564615
Pham, X.Q., Hoang, C.L. (2021). The Controlling Effects of Cultural Dimensions on Job Burnout of Vietnamese Employees by Sexual harassment in Workplaces. Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences, Vol. 48, No.7:37-50.
Puchakanit, P., Rhein, D. (2021). Student Perceptions of Sexual harassment in Thailand: Origins and Impact. Sexuality & Culture. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-021-09881-2.
Reiner Rugulies, Kathrine Sørensen, Per T. Aldrich, Anna P. Folker, ... Ida E.H. Madsen (2020). The onset of workplace sexual harassment and subsequent depressive symptoms and incident depressive disorder in the Danish workforce. Journal of Affective Disorder, Vol.777, p.21-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.058
Sycheva, I. N., Akhmetshin, E.M., Dunets, A. N., Svistula, I. A., Panteleeva, T. A., & Potashova, I. Yu. (2018). Labor relations in research of socio-economic systems. European Research Studies Journal, 21(4), 356-367.
Thai, V.H.D. (2021). Sexual harassment in the workplace by Singapore law and experience with Vietnam. Online People's Court Magazine, visited at https://tapchitoaan.vn/bai-viet/phap-luat-the-gioi/quay-roi-tinh-duc-tai-noi-lam-viec-theo-phap-luat-singapore-va-kinh-nghiem-voi-viet-nam August 5, 2021.
Vincent J. Roscigno. (2019). Discrimination, Sexual harassment, and the Impact of Workplace Power. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, Vol. 5, p. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1177/2378023119853894.
Worke, M.D., Koricha, Z.B. & Debelew, G.T. (2021). Perception and experiences of sexual harassment among women working in hospitality workplaces of Bahir Dar city, Northwest Ethiopia: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health 21, 1119. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11173-1.
Zhu, H., Lyu, Y. and Ye, Y. (2019). Workplace sexual harassment, workplace deviance, and family undermining. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 31 No. 2, p. 594-614. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-11-2017-0776.
Zeighami, M., Mangolian Shahrbabaki, P. & Dehghan, M. (2022). Iranian Nurses' Experiences with Sexual harassment in Workplace: A Qualitative Study. Sex Res Soc Policy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-022-00688-w
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2023 Lex Humana (ISSN 2175-0947)