Medical Error

How to Cite

Retnowati, A. ., Sundari , E. ., & Bagaskara, W. A. . (2023). LEGAL LIABILITY FOR MEDICAL ERRORS IN HEALTH SERVICES IN HOSPITALS. Lex Humana (ISSN 2175-0947), 15(2), 401–408. Retrieved from


Health service regulations in hospitals already exist to protect the parties concerned, even though there are still errors in health services. Several cases of medical disputes between patients and hospitals that have occurred in Indonesia. Based on this background, there is a formulation of the problem discussed in this study, which is as follows: How is legal responsibility for medical errors in health services in hospitals. And how is legal policy so that medical errors in health services in hospitals can be minimized. The type of research that will be used is a normative research type, where the author examines positive law related to legal liability for medical errors in hospitals and uses secondary data in the form of other legal materials as data in this writing. The results of the study show that legal liability for medical errors in service Health care in the hospital can be resolved by legitimacy or non-litigation. Legally, you can be sued for compensation based on Article 1367 of the Civil Code or criminally prosecuted based on Article 360 ​​in conjunction with Article 55 of the Criminal Code. Meanwhile, non-litigation can be done through mediation based on Article 29 of Law Number 36 Year 2009 concerning Health. Legal policies so that medical errors in health services in hospitals can be minimized through several stages, namely the formulation stage (legislative policy), the application stage (judicial policy) and the execution stage (executive policy).



Anny Retnowati. (2019). Penegakan Hukum Pidana Malpraktik Rumah Sakit, Orasi Ilmiah Dies Natalis Fakultas Hukum Universitas Atmajaya, Yogyakarta

Anny Retnowati-Sundari. (2020). Tuntutan Malpraktek Pelayanan Kesehatan Secara Pidana & Perdata ,Cahaya Atma Pustaka, Yogyakarta

Caritas Woro Murdiati dkk. (2019). Pancasila Berprespektif Feminis, Cahaya Atma Pustaka, Yogyakarta

Hyronimus Rhiti-Tim Penulis FH UAJY. (2020). Mutiara Gagasan tentang Hukum di Masa Pandemi Covid 19,Cahaya Atma Pustaka, Yogyakarta

Ridwan Eko Prasetyo. (2015). Hukum Acara Pidana, Pustaka Setia, Bandung

Sigit Lesmonojati. (2020). Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Atas Perbuatan Kelalaian Pada Tindakan Medis Di Rumah Sakit, Scopindo Media Pustaka, Surabaya

Undang-Undang Dasar 1945

Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana

Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata

Undang- undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 29 Tahun 2004 tentang Praktek Kedokteran.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 44 Tahun 2009 tentang Rumah Sakit

Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor: 772/Menkes/SK/VI/2002 tentang Pedoman Peraturan Internal Rumah Sakit ( Hospital by Law )

Anny Retnowati. (2018). Criminal Policy on Hidden Defects in Marriage in Indonesia, Global Journal of Business and Social Science Review, Journal homepage:, ISSN 2289-8506 © 2018 Global Academy of Training & Research (GATR) Enterprise. All rights reserved. Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Georgetown, Malaysia

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Lex Humana (ISSN 2175-0947)


Download data is not yet available.