Political parties move masses in today's society. Their influence is immense and their main goal is to attain political power so that they can represent society as a whole in the way they consider to be ideal. Throughout this article, by means of a literature review, a historical analysis will be promoted to the concept of political parties, as well as political groups. It will be an important article for the readers to understand a little more about the theme, and an important theoretical contribution to the extent that it will approach in a chronological way a theme that is vital nowadays. Much is said about the various ideologies of political parties, but little is understood about their true essence.
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