Public Administration was born, evolved and modified in conjunction with the current democratic systems, economic pressures and the wishes and needs of its citizens. The management model emerged in 1970-1975, associated with the Neoliberal or Contractualist State. What New Public Management is about, there is not, nor is it possible to imagine, a sufficiently comprehensive conception accepted by all researchers. Still, it could be said that it was a terminology used to describe a movement, a field of study and commentary for academics, a set of ideas and practices adopted in the most recent administrative reforms, an adjustment in the relations between the public and the private, professionals and managers, central and local government and defense of business management techniques and tools. Several decades after its appearance, it is possible to assess some inconsistencies, contradictions, limitations or trade-offs associated with the management paradigm. The strict aim of concepts such as efficiency, productivity, effectiveness and cost reduction replaced the traditional values and purpose of public services. Equally, attempts to improve organizational structures and processes, through atomization and fragmentation, often lead to increases in bureaucratization, formalization and centralization and, in this way, higher costs. The performance measurement and management systems also present methodological and strategic problems and, in many cases, constitute only an increase in the workload and psychological pressures of employees. This text takes a look at these and other issues associated with the implementation of New Public Management.
Apple, M.W. 2005. “Education, Markets, and an Audit Culture”. Critical Quarterly 47 1–2: 11–29.
Andersen, O. J. e Torsteinsen, H. 2017. “The Master of the House - Agencies in Municipal Service Provision: Balancing Autonomy and Accountability”. Administration & Society 49, 5: 730-752.
Araújo, Joaquim Filipe. 2007. Avaliação da Gestão Pública: a Administração Pós-Burocrática. Braga: Universidade do Minho.
Araújo, Joaquim Filipe. 2004. “A Reforma da Gestão Pública: do mito à realidade.” Artigo apresentado na Conferência: A Reforma da Administração Pública – apostas e casos de sucesso: 31.
Araújo, Joaquim Filipe. 2000. “O Modelo de Agência como Instrumento de Reforma da Administração”. Comunicação apresentada no Fórum 2000: Reforma do Estado e Administração Gestionária. Lisboa.
Araújo, Joaquim Filipe. 1998. Hierarquia, Mercado e Networks: Mudança Institucional, Controlo e Avaliação no Reino Unido. Comunicação apresentada no 1.º encontro INA – A Avaliação da Administração Pública. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.
Barberis, Peter. 1998. “The New Public Management and a New Accountability”. Public Administration 76: 451-470.
Bertelli, Anthony. 2006. “The Role of Political Ideology in Structural Design of New Governance Agencies.” Public Administration Review 66, 4: 583-595.
Brookfield, S.D. 2005. The Power of Critical Theory for Adult Learning and Teaching. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Christensen, T., & Lægreid, P. 2007. “The Whole-of-Government Approach to Public Sector Reform.” Public Administration Review 67, 6: 1059-1066.
Coase, Ronald H. 1960. “The Problem of Social Cost.” Journal of Law and Economics 3:1-44
Dahl, Robert. 1996. “Equality versus Inequality”. Political Science and Politics 29, 4: 639-648.
Denhardt, Robert. 2000. Theories of Public Administration. 3.ªed. London: Harcourt Brace & Company.
Denhardt, Robert. 1995. Public Administration: An Action Orientation. 2 ed. London: Harcourt Brace & Company.
Diefenbach, T. 2009. “New Public Management in Public Sector Organizations: The Dark Sides of Managerialistic ‘enlightenment’”. Public administration 87, 4: 892-909.
Dunleavy, Patrick. 1991. Democracy, Bureaucracy and Public Choice. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Easton, David. 1965. A Systems Analysis of Political Life. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Farrell, Catherine e Morris, Jonathan. 2005. “The 'Post-Bureaucratic’ Public Sector Organisation? New Organizational Forms”. Management Research News 28, 9.
Ferlie, Ewan e Louise Fitzgearld. 2002. “The Sustainability of The New Public Management”. Em McLaughlin, Kate, Stephen Osborne, Ewan Ferlie (eds.). New Public Management: Current Trends and Future Prospects. London: Routledge: 341-353.
Greiling, Dorothea. 2005. Performance Measurement – a driver for increasing the efficiency of public services? Berna: Comunicação apresentada na Conferência Anual do Grupo Europeu da Administração Pública.
Haque, M.S. 1999. “Ethical Tension in Public Governance: Critical Impacts on Theory-Building” Administrative Theory & Praxis 21, 4 468–73.
Hesse, JJ, C. Hood e BG Peters. 2002. Paradoxes of Public Sector Reform. Berlin: Dunker and Seeboldt.
Hoggett, P. 1996. “New Modes of Control in the Public Service”. Public Administration 74, 1: 9–32.
Hood, Christopher. 1991. “A Public Management for All Seasons?”. Public Administration 69: 3-19.
Hood, Christopher. 1994. Explaning Economic Policy Reversals. Buckingham: Open University Press.
James, O. 2003. The Executive Agency Revolution in Whitehall: Public Interest Versus Bureau-Shaping Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave/Macmillan.
Kearney, Richard e Steven W. Hays. 1996. “Reinventing Government and the Disempowerment of the Career Civil.
Kirkpatrick, I., S. Ackroyd and R. Walker. 2005. The New Managerialism and Public Service Professions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lane, Jan-Erik. 2005. Public Administration and Public Management – The Principal-Agent Perspective. New York: Routledge.
Lawrence, P. R. and J. W. Lorsch.1967. “Differentiation and Integration in Complex Organizations”. Administrative Science Quarterly 12: 1-47.
Liegl, Barbara. 1999. “The Falaccies of New Public Management – Can They Still Be Prevented in the Austrian Context?" Em Luc Rouban (eds.). Citizens and The New Governance. Amesterdam: IOS Press: 175-186.
Maesschalck, J. 2004. “The Impact of New Public Management Reforms on Public Servants’ Ethics: Towards a Theory”. Public Administration 82, 2: 465–89.
Ouellet, Lionel. 1987. “La Privatization: An Instrument de Management Publique?” Canadian Public Administration 30, 4: 566-584.
McCourt, Willy. 2002. “New Public Management in Developing Countries”. Em McLaughlin, Kate, Stephen Osborne, Ewan Ferlie (eds.). New Public Management: Current Trends and Future Prospects. London: Routledge: 227-242.
Mulgan, Richard. 1998. “Politicization of Senior Appointments in the Australian Public Service”. Australian Journal of Public Administration 57, 3: 3-14.
Niskanen, William. 1971. Bureaucracy and Representative Government. Chicago: Aldine Atherton.
Peters, B. G., 2015. The Changing Nature of Public Administration: From Easy Answers to Hard Questions.
Peters, Thomas e Robert Waterman. 1982. In Search of Excellence. New York: Harper &Row.
Pollitt, Christopher e Geer Bouckaert. 2011. Public Management Reform: A comparative analysis, 4 ed, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pollitt, Christopher e Geer Bouckaert (eds.). 2004. Public Management Reform: A Comparative Analysis – 3ªed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pollitt, Christopher, Bathgate, Karen, Caulfield, Janice, Smullen, Amada e Talbot, Colin, 2001. “Agency Fever? Analysis of an International Policy Fashion” Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice 3: 271–290.
Pollit, Christopher. 1990. Managerialism and The Public Services. The Anglo-American Experience. Oxford: Basil Backwell.
Rhodes, R A W. 1997. Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflexivity and Accountability. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Rocha, José António Oliveira. 2011. Gestão Pública: Teorias, Modelos e Prática. Lisboa: Escolar Editora.
Rocha, José António Oliveira. 2003. “A Importância da Qualidade nos Serviços Públicos”. Em Vários, Fórum 2002: Melhor Gestão para uma Melhor Administração. Lisboa:ISCSP/UTL: 47-50.
Rocha, José António Oliveira. 2001. Gestão Pública e Modernização Administrativa. Oeiras: Instituto Nacional de Administração.
Rocha, José António Oliveira. 2000. Organização e Gestão dos Tribunais. Lisboa: Comunicação apresentada na Conferência do Centro de Estudos Judiciários.
Rubin, I. 1992. “Budgeting: Theory, Concepts, Methods and Issues” p. 3-22. Em J. Rabin (ed.). Handbook of Public Budgeting. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Schillemans, T. e Busuioc, M. 2014. “Predicting public sector accountability: From agency drift to forum drift”. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25, 1: 191-215.
Silvestre, Hugo Consciência. 2010. Gestão Pública: Modelos de Prestação no Serviço Público. Lisboa: Escolar Editora.
Smith, Adam. 1923. “Na Unpublished Letter of Smith”. The Economic Journal 33, 131: 427-428.
Smith, M. 1999. The Core Executive in Britain. London: Mac-Millan.
Strøm, Kaare. 2000. “Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies”. European Journal of Political Research 37: 261–89.
Suleiman, Ezra. 2003. Dismantling Democratic States. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Thompson, Fred. 1997. “Defining the New Public Management”, in Lawrence R. Jones e Kuno Schedler. Advances in International Comparative Management. London: Jai Press, pp. 1-14.
Wood, Curtis. 2002. “Voter Turnout in City Elections.” Urban Affairs Review 38 (2): 209-231.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2022 Lex Humana (ISSN 2175-0947)