- The study of the features of legal assistance in the criminal process of the Russian Federation and some foreign countries made it possible to determine the grounds and substantiate its four main types: qualified legal assistance provided by lawyers (defenders, representatives), as well as legal advisers and notaries; qualified legal assistance provided by public defenders or other persons whose activities are paid from the state budget; legal assistance provided by other persons involved in criminal proceedings (close relatives, legal representatives, other persons); legal assistance provided by persons who are not participants in criminal proceedings (Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation, private detective, etc.). The article shows the features and problems of providing legal assistance for each of its types, suggests ways to improve legislation and law enforcement practice.
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