weapons science
criminal offense
pre-trial investigation
criminal records
investigative (detective) action
forensic examination

How to Cite

Lehan, I. ., Kovalenko, V. ., Bondar, V. ., Holovkin, S. ., & Nikitenko, V. . (2023). POSSIBILITIES OF USING WEAPONS SCIENCE IN THE INVESTIGATION OF CRIMINAL OFFENSES. Lex Humana (ISSN 2175-0947), 15(3), 567–579. Retrieved from https://seer.ucp.br/seer/index.php/LexHumana/article/view/2674


The utilization of scientific and technological methods in addressing criminal offenses presents itself as a pivotal concern within contemporary criminology. Numerous scholars have extensively studied various aspects of technical and forensic practices, such as the examination of criminal traces, forensic accounting, the organization and legal framework governing the application of specialized knowledge, and the use of automation and computer technology. Undoubtedly, experts in weapons possess a greater proficiency in evidence collection, owing to their expertise in detecting, repairing, and securing weapons, as well as examining pertinent traces and other weapon-related characteristics that may elude investigators, lacking sufficient knowledge in this domain. Consequently, the collaboration between criminalists and weapons experts assumes a critical role in optimizing the criminal investigation process. The primary objective of this article is to elucidate the distinctive characteristics associated with the application of weapons science in the investigation of criminal offenses. Furthermore, it seeks to delineate avenues for enhancing the efficacy of scientific and technological approaches in the detection and investigation of criminal offenses. By doing so, this study aims to identify key domains wherein these possibilities can be effectively realized. Methodology. During this study, the authors employed a range of research methodologies to study and process data. These methodologies encompassed induction, deduction, analysis, synthesis of information, systemic and structural approaches, comparative analysis, logical and linguistic analysis, abstraction, and idealization. Furthermore, to identify crucial aspects of the process of investigating criminal offenses, the authors conducted an online questionnaire survey. Results. Drawing upon the outcomes of the study, the authors discern the paramount theoretical facets associated with the utilization of firearms science. Furthermore, they scrutinize the perspectives of legal scholars and practicing criminalists concerning the fundamental elements pertinent to the application of weapons science in the investigation of criminal offenses.



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