Artificial intelligence
Computer and software technologies
Legal personality
Legal relationship

How to Cite

Sultonova, L. ., Vasyukov, V. ., & Kirillova, E. . (2023). CONCEPTS OF LEGAL PERSONALITY OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. Lex Humana (ISSN 2175-0947), 15(3), 283–295. Retrieved from


The article is devoted to the concepts of the legal personality of artificial intelligence. The intensive development of AI technologies, which can autonomously make decisions and perform creative and intellectual tasks, raises the question of the need to determine AI's legal status. The main purpose of the study is to propose a concept of conditionally special legal personality that can be applied to certain types of AI. A multi-criteria analysis of works devoted to the development of concepts of the AI legal personality and documents of the judicial authorities of Australia, the UK, the USA, and France were carried out within the framework of the study. The study showed that there is no uniform systematic approach to determining the AI legal personality at the national and international levels. The study highlights the main software-synthesized abilities of some types of intelligence. It is concluded that AI can have a special legal personality only in the presence of certain software-synthesized abilities. Depending on their availability and volume, AI in some cases can be defined solely as a tool in the hands of a person and as an electronic subject of law in other hands.



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