Sea and islands play a critical role. Currently, evidence-based practice is always required for countries with sea to proclaim to the world their sovereignty over sea and islands. One of the important provisions to establish sovereignty is physical possession and actual, continuous and peaceful exercise of State power. This principle has been adopted by countries and international jurisdictions to resolve many territorial disputes in the world. This study aims to further attest to the international community the establishment of Vietnam's sovereignty through the continuous and peaceful activities, management and exploitation of the masses of the people on sea and islands. The study is based on the research, analysis and proof taken from official historical documents of Vietnam and the world, as well as evidence from history and modern times. From which, undeniable findings are given to affirm Vietnam's sovereignty over sea and islands in accordance with international law.
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